This type of treatment uses medications to halt the growth of cancerous cells or keep them from dividing and spreading. Chemotherapy for melanoma can either be taken orally or through an injection, and it may be performed as a standalone treatment or following surgery.
This type of treatment uses a patient’s own immune system to fight melanoma. Substances from the body itself or created in a lab, called biologic therapy, are used to restore or boost the body’s natural defenses.
Surgical removal of cancerous cells is the primary treatment for all types and stages of melanoma. During surgery, a large incision is made to remove both the melanoma cells and some of the unaffected tissue surrounding the melanoma. If melanoma has spread beyond the original site, surgery may also involve the removal of the lymph nodes or cancerous cells in other parts of the body.
This type of treatment uses medications or other substances to identify and attack, or “target,” melanoma cancer cells. Targeted therapy is often used in treatment of patients with melanoma who have a high risk of recurrence.