Cardiovascular Genetics and Precision Medicine
Precision medicine is a highly individualized treatment that accounts for a patient’s lifestyle, environment and genetic makeup. This allows for personalized patient treatment for common cardiovascular conditions.
The UK Cardiovascular Genetics & Precision Medicine Program at the UK Gill Heart & Vascular Institute was the first dedicated cardiogenetics program in Kentucky. Here, physicians and researchers use precision medicine to diagnose and treat cardiovascular conditions, as well as discover new ways of preventing and treating them.
Before Genetics and Precision Medicine
Genetic testing and precision medicine can be used for adult patients who currently have, or have a positive family history of, these cardiovascular conditions:
- Aortic aneurysm
- Arrhythmia” or syncope
- Connective tissue disorders with symptoms, such as Marfan syndrome or Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
- Coronary artery disease
- Family history of sudden cardiac death
- Heart failure
- High cholesterol
While there is no way to predict the exact affect your genetic makeup may have on your health, it can be used as a starting point to understand how to take preventive measures and keep your cardiovascular system healthy.
Genetics and Precision Medicine Testing
The UK Cardiovascular Genetics & Precision Medicine Program offers an array of advanced tests, including:
- Microarrays and chromosomal studies
- Multigene cardiovascular panels
- Pharmacogenomics panels
- Single gene analysis, such as sequencing and deletion or duplication analysis
- Targeted or familial mutation analysis
- Whole exome sequencing
- Whole genome sequencing
It’s unlikely you will need to do anything to prepare for genetic testing. Genetic tests are usually done by taking a blood sample. After your blood is drawn, it is sent to a laboratory for evaluation.
After Genetics and Precision Medicine Testing
You will likely be able to resume normal activities after your genetic testing, but you may feel anxious waiting for results, which can take several weeks to receive. Depending on your results, your provider may recommend meeting with a genetics counselor, cardiologist or other medical specialist.